Home

Life is a daring adventure or nothing - Hellen Keller



Canada

→ Geography facts for students

Geographical stats

- The second largest country after Russia
- Area - 10 million km2</br> - Across 6 time zones
- Touches 3 oceans

map

Water

Rivers
- Dense river network, used to transport and produce electricity
- The longest river is the Mackenzie River
- St.Vavrine River - Main Canal of Canada
- The Columbia River is of major importance
- Yukon river
water

Lakes
- 2-3 million lakes
- makes up 8% of Canada's territory
- Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, The Great Lakes
- Lake Louise, Alberta
lakelouise
- Niagara Falls, 1200 m wide and 50 m high

niagara

Climate

- Extreme temperature fluctuations
- East coast - cold from the Labrador stream
- West the coast - warm from the North-Pacific current
- The ocean climate causes a lot of precipitation
- North - arctic and subarctic climate
- South - mild climate
- The Arctic Archipelago and the Corridors are covered by glaciers and eternal snow



Area

- North - tundra and forrest tundra, pine forests
- Southeast - mixed forests
- South - grassy prairies
- National Parks - Banff, Jasper, Yoho


area

A) Canadian Shield - explosive and metamorphic rocks of pre-paleozoic age
B) Arctic lowland - tundra
C) Mountain Range Cordilleras - highest mountain Mt. Logan (6,050 m)
D) Great Plains (Prairie)
E) Hudson Bay - deep into the land



Demography

- Population - 35 million (fun fact- state of California has 40 million)
- Population density - 3 inhabitants / km2 - Unevenly distributed population - 80% live along the US border
- Lower birth rates - reason to accept more foreigners for work - lose immigration policy
- 1 out of 5 Canadians born outside of Canada

Population
- A mixed variety of ethnic groups
- Mostly represented by Anglo-Canadians (59%), Frank-Canadians (26%) - Predominantly Europoid race
- Original inhabitants (1.5%): First nations, Inuit, M├ętis
firstnations

- Languages - English, French (Quebec)
- Currency - Dollar (1 $ = 16 CZK)
- Has longest frontier of the world with the only one neighbor - USA (including Alaska)
- Devided into 10 provinces

- Cities: Toronto
toronto

Vancouver
vancouver

Quebec
quebec
Montral, Calgary, Edmonton, Ottawa


Economy

- employed: 2.7% in agriculture, 24.3% in industry and 73% in services
- countries rich in natural resources - mineral resources, extensive forests (logging) and large areas of agricultural land

Agriculture
- Export of agricultural crops, especially wheat from prairie areas
- Forests cover 40% of the state
- Stock of building timber, paper industry
- Fishing - export of fish and seafood


Canada in the world

- Good relationships with everybody
- Part of Commonwealth
- UN, OAS, NATO, NAFTA
- Close relations with the US - business partners and close diplomatic relations

Sport
- Hockey -> Official Canadian Winter Sport, very popular, (just like in Czechia)
- Lacrosse -> Official Summer Sports and has it's roots in the native inhabitants of Canada
- Main competitions Canada: NHL and NLL

Awesome video on youtube with accurate information on Canada:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TknrmpS4GOg